淮安市中考英语试卷含答案

2018-05-12 试题

  第Ⅰ卷 (选择题 共55分)

  Ⅰ. 单项选择(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

  从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的正确答案。

  (  )1. Jack often plays _____ piano and he wants to be a pianist when he grows up.

  A. a     B. an     C. /     D. the

  (  )2. Tomorrow is our teacher’s birthday and we are going to give _____ a big surprise.

  A. his      B. him      C. he       D. himself

  (  )3. More than two _____ trees are planted in our neighborhood every year.

  A. hundred    B. hundreds   C. hundreds of  D. hundred of

  (  )4. It’s cold outside, Sandy. You’d better _____ your coat to keep warm.

  A. put up    B. put out     C. put on     D. put away

  (  )5. —Excuse me, ______ I take the magazine out of the reading room?

  —Sorry, you can’t. Just here, please.

  A. must     B. would     C. may      D. need

  (  )6. —________ do you go to the Buddy Club in your school?

  —Twice a month.

  A. How far   B. How long   C. How soon  D. How often

  (  )7. Andy, with his parents, ______ to Hong Kong, and they will stay there for a week.

  A. have gone  B. has gone   C. have been  D. has been

  (  )8. Lily often helps her mother do some cooking in the ______.

  A. kitchen   B. garden     C. bathroom   D. bedroom

  (  )9. —Dad, can you tell me ______? I miss her very much.

  —Next month, dear.

  A. when will my mum come back   B. when my mum will come back

  C. how my mum goes to work    D. where will my mum go

  (  )10. There is ______ juice in the fridge. Let’s go and buy some.

  A. few     B. a few     C. little     D. a little

  (  )11. Doctor Ma is always careful with the operations. He often says “_____”.

  A. A miss is as good as a mile  B. Many hands make light work

  C. No pain, no gain   D. A friend in need is a friend indeed

  (  )12. —Aunt Li, who is the pretty girl in red in the picture?

  —It’s my daughter. The picture ________ 10 years ago.

  A. took     B. is taken   C. has taken   D. was taken

  (  )13. I usually sleep with the window open _____ it’s really cold.

  A. if     B. because    C. so     D. unless

  (  )14. —Have you found the information about famous scientists _____ you can use for the report?        —Not yet. I’ll search some on the Internet.

  A. where    B. which    C. what    D. who

  (  )15. ______ great fun Andrew has ______ DIY in the art room with his classmates!

  A. What; doing    B. What; done   C. How; doing   D. How; done

  Ⅱ.完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

  After their 15yearold pet dog died, Rain and his wife, Ann, looked for months to find the right new pet. “I love dogs,” said Rain, a worker at a health club in New York. “I can’t __16__ not having one.”

  Finally, the couple found a lovely young __17__ and decided to __18__ him home. They named him Little Sheep. Little Sheep quickly made himself at home, sleeping on his new __19__ bed at night.

  With heart disease for 25 years, Rain __20__ took his medicine four times a day and always had no problems. __21__ on March 17, he took the wrong amount(数量) of medicine before he went to sleep. When he got out of bed to __22__ the bathroom at night, suddenly, he felt his heart beating fast and later fell to the floor heavily.

  “Little Sheep was usually very __23__ and wellbehaved,” said Ann. “But when my husband hit the floor, the dog gave a loud cry like a wild animal. I was woken but didn’t know what was happening. Then I saw my husband __24__ on the bathroom floor. I ran for the __25__ and called a hospital at once.”

  Rain spent several hours in the hospital. By 6:30 a.m, he had been __26__ enough to go home. “It surprises me that Little Sheep has such great __27__,” said his thankful owner. “He’s becoming a calm little gentleman. We can walk him on our street, unleashed(未拴住的), without any problem. He’s got a lot of __28__ now, and everyone wants to __29__ him kindly.”

  “We feel the name Little Sheep is not good enough,” said Rain. “So now we call him Big Hero, more __30__ for an animal of his ability. ”

  (  ) 16. A. plan     B. imagine       C. win      D. decide

  (  ) 17. A. dog     B. cat       C. sheep     D. bird

  (  ) 18. A. ride     B. catch      C. throw     D. take

  (  )19. A. relatives’    B. neighbors’      C. classmates’   D. owners’

  (  ) 20. A. politely    B. hardly       C. carefully    D. widely

  (  ) 21. A. And      B. But      C. Or      D. So

  (  ) 22. A. start     B. sell      C. use      D. burn

  (  ) 23. A. quiet     B. noisy      C. worried    D. rude

  (  ) 24. A. singing    B. standing      C. lying     D. dancing

  (  ) 25. A. clock     B. phone       C. pen      D. watch

  (  ) 26. A. good     B. full      C. weak     D. beautiful

  (  ) 27. A. stress    B. danger       C. courage    D. sadness

  (  ) 28. A. pollution  B. nature       C. advice     D. confidence

  (  ) 29. A. touch      B. throw       C. hurt     D. hit

  (  ) 30. A. wrong  B. suitable        C. colorful    D. common

  Ⅲ. 阅读理解(共15小题;A、B两篇每小题2分,C篇每小题1分,满分25分)

  阅读下文,从所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

  A

  One Thursday afternoon, when I was in Grade 9, a new boy came into my classroom. He was short and thin. He walked up to the teacher and told her, very seriously, that he was new. His name was Christian. He sat down, took a look at me, and then looked away. I didn’t think he was very nice and I was sure he wasn’t the type I would like to become friends with.

  During that year, I didn’t talk to him much, but he smiled at me when our eyes met, always shyly. He never ate lunch with anybody, and he never talked to anybody but me.

  But one day I joined those unkind kids who were making fun of him. We made fun of him though I thought it was wrong.

  “Haven’t you got any friends?” a kid asked Christian, who had walked past us alone, head down.

  “No, he hasn’t got any friends. He’s too stupid and shy,”I said. Then Christian looked up at me with the saddest dog eyes I had over seen. I felt very sorry at that moment.

  That night, I couldn’t sleep because I couldn’t get Christian’s face out of my mind. In the weeks that followed, he never met my eyes in class and never smiled at me. It was really hard for me to decide to write him a note asking him to forgive(原谅) me. But I thought I should.

  The next day in class, I wrote him a note telling him how sorry I felt. About five minutes later, I turned and saw tears in his eyes. “You will never realize what your apology(道歉) has meant to me, Jimmly.” he said to me. “I hope we can become friends. ”

  We had lunch together that noon and we had the best talk I had ever had. Over the years at high school, we were close friends.

  When I think back, I realize that, if I had not apologized, I would never have known what a lovely person Christian was.

  Apologies can really change your life, so never miss the chance to tell somebody you are sorry.

  (  ) 31. From the passage, we know Christian was a ________ boy.

  A. tall and fat     B. short and shy

  C. short and active   D. lovely and fat

  (  ) 32. Jimmly didn’t talk to Christian much at first because ________.

  A. he didn’t think Christian was the type he wanted to become friends with

  B. Christian wasn’t nice to people around him after he came to the new class

  C. Christian made friends with others

  D. Christian had the saddest dog eyes

  (  ) 33. Jimmly felt ________ after he made fun of Christian with other unkind kids.

  A. happy     B. interested    C. sorry     D. bored

  (  ) 34. Jimmly asked Christian to forgive him by ________.

  A. sending an email      B. wearing a smile

  C. eating supper together   D. writing a note

  (  ) 35. This article tells us that ________.

  A. we should make an apology when we hurt others

  B. Jimmly’s apology was unimportant to Christian

  C. Christian wasn’t lovely in fact

  D. it is impossible to say sorry to others

  B

  Need good and long lasting friends

  I am very interested in meeting good friends from France, the UK and other European countries.

  I am a loving, caring, understanding and out going guy and I hope to get to know people, cultures and languages in other countries. I check mails often and I am good at English and French. So I will welcome all emails.

  nibangwa@yahoo.com

  Thanks for stopping by.

  Tracy Looking for a Japanese penfriend

  for my language classes

  I am a Japanese teacher in Australia, looking for a penfriend for my classes in Japan. I have 2 classes of 26 students, so 52 in total, who I would like to find a penfriend for.

  Please contact me if you can help.

  Love123@sina.com

  Thanks.

  Simon

  Looking for a kind friend from the USA

  Hi all,

  My name is Li Fang. I am a lady aged 22, loving, caring, sporty and musical.

  I am planning to go for my studies in the United States so I need someone who can show me the way and how to do things and be a friend when I am there.

  I am Chinese and hope to hear from you.

  Thank you so much.

  jelbit@yahoo.com Searching for secondary school penfriends

  Hello, we are from Spain, near Barcelona city.

  Our students are 12~16 years old and they would like to build friendships with a school with similar age characteristics.

  They need to practice English. They speak Spanish and Catalan as mother languages.

  We are expecting to hear from you.

  Branka

  Foreign Languages Department

  Tel: 13912371550

  (  ) 36. According to the information above, we know ______ can speak French.

  A. Tracy      B. Li Fang      C. Branka   D. Simon

  (  ) 37. ______ are looking for penfriends for their students.

  A. Tracy and Simon         B. Simon and Branka

  C. Tracy and Branka      D. Li Fang and Simon

  (  ) 38. If you are an American and you need a Chinese penfriend, you can contact _____.

  A. nibangwa@yahoo.com  B. Love123@sina.com

  C. jelbit@yahoo.com     D. 13912371550

  (  ) 39. We know from the passage that ________.

  A. Tracy is planning to go for studies in the USA

  B. Li Fang is going to Australia to be a teacher

  C. Branka wants to find some adult penfriends

  D. Simon has two classes with 52 students in total

  (  ) 40. You may see the information above ________.

  A. in a film    B. on a website

  C. in a play     D. on a map

  C

  Have you ever heard of “a ball of energy”? People often use it to describe very active children. But today we tell about an invention called the sOccket, that is a real soccer ball of energy. Julia Silverman explains that in fact the sOccket is a portable generator(便携式发电机).

  Julia Silverman and Jessica Matthews developed the sOccket as part of a group project for an engineering class at Harvard University.

  There are mechanisms(装置) in a sOccket. When you kick, hit or throw it, energy is then kept in it by these mechanisms instead of disappearing into the environment.

  Then the user can put something directly into the ball, like a lamp, or a mobile phone charger so that they can get energy from it.

  For every fifteen minutes of the game play, the sOccket can provide enough electricity(电) for an LED lamp for three hours, and the ball can store(储藏) up to 24 hours’ electricity.

  The International Energy Association reported last year that nearly one and a half billion people in the world had no electricity to use, and most of them live in subSaharan Africa and in India and other countries in Asia.

  Julia Silverman and Jessica Matthews both had experiences in developing countries before they began the project. They knew that power shortages are a serious problem in really areas.

  There’s an energy crisis in the world. One out of every five people in the world don’t have any electricity. And besides that, there are a lot of health problems because what people use instead of the electricity are harmful choices like kerosene(煤油) lamps, which produce a lot of smoke.

  Julia Silverman says the sOccket ball is one small solution(解决方法) to a big problem.

  Jessica Matthews and Julia Silverman hope their sOccket ball will shine more light on the problem of power shortages. It offers people a chance to put their energy into the world’s most popular sport and get some energy in return.

  (  )41. From the passage, we know the sOccket is ________.

  A. an active child    B. an invention

  C. a lamp   D. a mobile phone

  (  )42. If you play the sOccket for half an hour, it can provide an LED lamp with electricity for ________.

  A. fifteen minutes   B. half an hour

  C. six hours      D. three hours

  (  )43. The underlined word “crisis” in the passage means ________.

  A. a time of safety      B. a time of difficulty

  C. a time of success      D. a time of pride

  (  )44. We can infer(推断) from the passage that ________.

  A. Julia Silverman has never been to developing countries before

  B. Active children like to play sOccket

  C. kicking a sOccket can let the energy disappear into the environment

  D. people are expected to get some energy by playing sOccket

  (  )45. The best title for the passage should be “________”.

  A. The only way to produce electricity

  B. The best way to solve energy crisis

  C. A soccer ball that gives energy

  D. An invention changing the world

  第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题 共65分)

  Ⅳ.词汇运用(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

  A)根据句子意思,从方框中选用恰当的单词或短语填空。

  quarter, is bad for, divided, expensive, clearly,

  a number of, by hand, keeps secrets, pocket money

  46. Jenny is my true friend and she always ________ for me.

  47. There are ________ people swimming in the lake at present.

  48. The meeting will begin at a ________ past eight. Let's hurry.

  49. I like this bike, but it's too ________ for me to buy. What a pity!

  50. It's kind of Lucy to donate some of her ________ to the students in poor areas.

  51. The students are usually ________ into six groups to discuss questions in class.

  52. Paul sits in the front of the classroom so that he can see the blackboard ________.

  53. We shouldn't eat too much sugar because it ________ our teeth.

  B)根据句意,用括号中所给单词的`正确形式填空。

  54. On _______ (father) Day, I often prepare a special gift for my father.

  55. Wang Jiang, a wellknown writer, went to England for _______ (far) study in 1935.

  56. The young couple like kids very much and plan to have a _______ (two) baby.

  57. Dick decided to lose ________ (weigh) by eating less and doing more exercise.

  58. Linda and her friends enjoyed ________ (they) on the Great Wall yesterday.

  59. Not only the players but also the coach ________ (be) playing football now.

  60. The old film that is often thought of ________ (bring) us much happiness those days.

  Ⅴ.完成句子(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据所给中文意思,用英文完成下列各句。

  61. 他的叔叔习惯每天早饭后去散步。

  His uncle gets ________ going out for a walk ________ every day.

  62. 戴安娜已经离开家乡十年了,她希望尽快回来。

  Diana ________ her hometown for ten years and she hopes to come back ________ possible.

  63. 那辆大卡车突然失去控制,它停下来后占据了马路的三分之一。

  That big truck was ________ suddenly. It ________ one third of the road after it stopped.

  64. 我的弟弟有足够的耐心,他等半小时也不会生气。

  My brother is ________ to wait for half an hour without ________.

  65. TFBOYS的这首新歌很流行,我们大部分人都认为它值得一听。

  The new song by TFBOYS is ________ that most of us think it is ________.

  Ⅵ. 任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)

  阅读下面短文,根据要求完成下列各题。

  A

  Without proper planning, tourism(旅游业) can cause problem. For example, too many tourists can make public places crowded, which are also enjoyed by the local people. If tourists cause too much traffic, the local people will feel unhappy. They begin to dislike tourists and treat them impolitely. But they forget how much tourism can help the local economy(经济). It is important to think about how tourism affects the local people. The local customs and beauty should be kept to attract the tourists by the local government. The local government should also care about the health and happiness of local people when developing tourism.

  Too much tourism can he a problem. If tourism grows too quickly, people can leave other jobs to work in the tourism industry because they can make more money there. As a result, ofther parts of the local economy can become worse.

  On the other hand, if there is not enough tourism, people can lost jobs,and businesses can also lost money. It coats much money to build large hotels, airports, firstclass roads, and other support facilities(设施) needed by tourist attractions. For example, each room of the firstclass tourism hotel usually coats about 50 thousand dollars. If the rooms of the hotel aren't used most of the time, the owner of the hotel will lose money.

  Building a hotel is just a beginning. There must be many support facilities as well, including roads to get to the hotel, electricity and so on. All of these support facilities cost money. If these facilities are not used because there are not enough tourists, jobs and money are lost.

  根据上面短文的内容回答问题。

  66. How will the local people feel if tourists cause too much traffic?

  ________________________________________________________________________

  67. Is developing tourism helpful for the local economy?

  ________________________________________________________________________

  68. What should be kept by the local government to attract tourists?

  ________________________________________________________________________

  69. Why can people leave other jobs to work in the tourism industry?

  ________________________________________________________________________

  70. How much does it usually need to build a firstclass hotel room?

  ________________________________________________________________________

  B

  Some people succeed, while others may not. This is because some people own certain qualities, which others don't have. If you want to be successful, you should have the following qualities at least.

  The first thing you must remember is that in order to succeed, you must be optimistic(乐观的). If you do not expect to win, you will not try as hard as those who do expect to win. You also need to have a clear purpose and a reason for doing something. If you do not have a purpose, you will not do your best to work hard and make sure that every detail you have done is right.

  Reading is another thing to success, as it will help you learn about how other people have achieved success. If you want to learn how to set up a successful business, you should read books about like Bill Gates and Jerry Yang, who have achieved amazing success in their areas of business.

  Another quality that helps people succeed is creativity—thinking about things differently and wondering how others will do the same thing. Think about some successful people you know. They might be successful with a little creativity, but the most successful people are the most creative ones.

  Practicing is equally important if you want to succeed because practice make perfect. Practice every day at any career you are in, and by doing so, you will see yourself, your business and your self-confidence begin to grow. If you feed confident about what you do, this confidence will make other people believe in you more as well. Your workmates will be happy to work with you, and your boss will give you more important things to do. Finally if you succeed, you can look people in the eye and smile confidently.

  Success is yours for the taking! Cheers!

  71. Some people who succeed own ________, which others ________.

  72. To ________ is the first thing you must remember in order to succeed. People who expect to win will try ________ than those who don't.

  73. ________ is another thing to success. You should read books about people like Bill Gates and Jerry Yang to learn how to set up ________.

  74. Creativity means people should think about things in a ________ way and wonder how the same thing ________by others.

  75. A man who succeeds should have at least _______ qualities and if you are a ________ person at last, you can look people in the eye and smile confidently.

  Ⅶ. 书面表达(满分20分)

  践行文明礼仪从我做起。作为一名学生,我们应该不断提升文明素养,做文明礼仪的倡导者。请以Be a student with good manners为题,写一篇短文。内容必须包括以下要点:

  1. 叙述一次生活中文明或不文明的事例(时间、地点、人物、经过以及你的看法);

  2. 就如何成为一名有文明素养的学生提出自己的建议(至少两点)。

  注意:1. 文中不得出现真实的人名、校名和地名;

  2. 词数在80~100之间,已给出的文字不计入总词数。

  Be a student with good manners

  It's very important to be a person with good manners in our daily life. ________________

  ________________________________________________________________________

  ________________________________________________________________________

  参考答案

  一. 单项选择

  DBACC   DBABC    ADDBA

  二.完形填空

  BADDC   BCACB    ACDAB

  三.阅读理解

  BACDA   ABCDB    BCBDC

  四.词汇运用

  A) 46-53  keep secrets   a number of    quarter    expensive   pocket money    divided         clearly           is bad for

  B)   54 -60  Father’s    further     second     weight    themselves  is  brought

  五.完成句子

  61-65  used to                after breakfast

  has been away from      as soon as

  out of control           took up/covered

  patient enough          getting/being/becoming angry

  so popular             worth listening to

  六.任务型阅读

  66- 75 (They will feel) happy.

  Yes./(it is)

  The local customs and beauty(should be kept by the local government to attract tourists).

  Because they can make more money there.

  (It usually needs) 50 thousand dollars.

  76-80 certain qualities      don’t have

  be optimistic       harder

  Reading           a successful business

  different           will be done

  4/four             successful

  七.书面表达

  Be a student with good manners

  It’s important to be a student with good manners in our daily life.

  Last Monday morning, I went to school with my classmate Liu Tao by bus. There were many people on the bus. When an old woman got on the bus at the next stop, Liu Tao stood up and gave his seat to her. The old woman thanked Liu Tao for his kindness. I thought Liu Tao was very polite.

  But sometimes I see some bad manners around us. For example, some people push in before others or drop litter everywhere. As a student, we should behave well when we are in public places. And we should give a helping hand when we see someone in need.

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