西餐基本礼仪英文

2018-03-25 礼仪常识

  西餐象征着高贵优雅,小编一直很羡慕那些优雅的西餐礼仪。西餐与中餐有着很大的区别,如果你到了一家西餐厅,你不懂甚至没有遵守吃西餐的礼仪,在别人眼里你就是一个没有礼貌的人。以下是西餐基本礼仪英文,欢迎阅读。

  Common sense of western-style food etiquette.

  In Europe, everything about eating has been taken seriously because it offers two of the most appreciated aesthetic pleasures -- food and conversation. In addition to taste exquisite, when have dinner wine, food collocation, elegant dining etiquette, adjustment and relaxed attitude, enjoy the environment and food, the proper use of tableware, wine is into the first class food.

  When you are seated, your body should be upright and your elbows should not be on the table. The dining table has been set up and don't fiddle with it. Fold the napkin in half on your lap.

  2. When eating with a knife and fork, use a knife and fork from the outside to the inside, holding a fork in the left hand and a knife in the right hand; When you cut something, hold the fork in your left hand, hold the food in your left hand, and cut it into small pieces with your right hand, then use a fork to bring it into your mouth. When using a knife, the blade should not go out. When you put down your knife and fork in your meal, place it on the side of the plate. The blade faces itself, indicating that it will continue to eat. After each dish, knife and fork are placed on the plate. If it's a conversation, you can hold a knife and fork and not put it down. No knife, also can use right hand holding a fork, but if you need to make gestures, it should be put down his knife and fork, holding a knife and fork must not hand waving in the air shaking, in one hand and a knife or fork, and another hand mouth with the napkin, nor a cup in one hand and fork in the other hand to take food. Keep in mind that at any time, you should not place one end of the knife and fork on the plate and the other end on the table.

  3, expensive casual wear, also cannot dress casually in the upscale western restaurant to eat, dress appropriately is the common sense of europeans and americans. Go to upscale western restaurant, men should wear neat; Ladies to wear evening dress or a suit and heels, ladies makeup is heavier for dining room light is darker, if specified dress, men have to wear a tie, entering the restaurant, the men should open the door, please, into ms ms should please go ahead. You should invite ladies to taste and decide.

  4. Generally, the business hours of western restaurant are from 11:30 to noon, and after 6:30 p.m., if the guests arrive early, they can have a drink in the bar before entering the main restaurant.

  May 5, seated in no hurry to order, have what problem can ask the waiter directly, they are very happy to answer any questions you submitted, if they will not clear information restaurant manager or chef.

  6, dining time too early, noon 11 points, or half past five in the afternoon to western restaurant, in a hurry to go eat, talk about business at the dinner table, clothing doesn't pay attention to, the main course to eat slowly, under the influence of dish or some appetizers do not only the main course and dessert are impolite behavior.

  7. The appetizers of high-end western food, though small, are delicate and worth tasting slowly.

  After dinner, you can choose dessert or cheese, coffee, tea, etc. Different countries have different tipping habits. But be sure to praise and express gratitude.

  9, eat western food in a large program is having emotional appeal: the marble fireplace, yi yi flash of crystalline light wine, silver candlestick, colorful, plus people elegant and charming manners, this in itself is a moving painting. It is well worth the effort to familiarize yourself with these eating rituals for your first taste of western food.

  10. Don't use too much food at the entrance, don't talk when chewing, and don't talk to others actively.

  11, note that in the west go to restaurant to eat is generally going to make an appointment in advance, at the time of booking, there are a few things to pay special attention to be clear, first of all to explain the number and time, second to show if you like a smoking or a good seat. If it's a birthday or other special day, you can tell the purpose and budget of the party. It is a basic courtesy to arrive at the scheduled time. It is necessary to apologize in advance when there is something urgent.

  The arrangement of western-style food seats.

  1. Western food seats are more formal, and informal banquet seats follow the principle of ladies first, that is, men take the initiative to move chairs for ladies to sit, sit on the right and sit on the wall. Whether formal or informal, seats or seats should be taken from the left side of the seat (of course, the left side is inconvenient and can be seated from the right). Formal banquets are based on international practice, and the table is based on the distance from the main table, the right height is low, and the table is usually placed on the table. Eat western-style food all use long table, the height of same table seat is decided by the distance of host seat.

  2, the western custom is cross arrangement, men and women will be subject to the hostess seat, guest sitting on the top right of goodwife, Mrs Guest sitting in the male host, at the upper right in our country is on the basis of traditional, as usual, guest sit top male host, guest lady sitting on the top right of the hostess. Whether to participate in Chinese or western formal banquet, you should look for your own position, not to be rushed into the seat.

  The table of western food.

  The western food table is divided into a convenient table and a banquet table. Table shape generally with long platform and waist round table is main, sometimes also use round table or square table. The specific way is according to the menu design, eat a certain type of vegetable point, and place the necessary utensils accordingly.

  (1) western-style food table.

  Western luncheonette place mat plate positioning table order is first, and then placed in the pad plate on the left fork, the right put a knife, blade inward, spoon on the cushion plate of the front, to the right, the bread plate to the left fork, pans put the butter knife, the blade to the pan. The wine glass is placed in front of the spoon and is arranged in the same way as Chinese food. Fold the flowers in the pan or into the beer glass. The ashtray is placed on the front of the tray, and the pepper and salt shaker are placed on the left side of the cylinder. The toothpick is placed on the left side of the salt shaker, and the vase is placed in front of the ashtray.

  (2) western food banquet table.

  Western food banquet need according to the banquet menu table, each will be change in a dish on a knife and fork, usually not more than seven parts, including three knife, fork and spoon, when placed in accordance with the order placed from outside to inside. The specific pendulum method is:

  In the first place, the plate is positioned as the positioning, and the left side of the plate is placed in order of forks, harpoons, cold dishes and forks. The right side of the plate is placed in order, with the knife, fish knife, cold kitchen knife, and the blade facing to the left.

  Place the spoon in front of the spoon and place the snack fork and spoon in front of the spoon.

  On the left side of the fork, the bread plate is tilted and the butter knife is placed in the tray.

  The front of the dessert fork and spoon is a water glass, a wine glass and a white wine cup. Fold the flowers in a pan or in a water cup.

  The western food banquet usually has the host, the deputy host, the guest, the deputy guest and other accompanying personnel, each has a fixed seating arrangement.

  1. The back to the restaurant's key decorative face, facing the crowd is the top, the host is seated here, the master is sitting opposite the host, the guest is from the right side of the master, the deputy master is sitting on the right side of the deputy master.

  2. The host and the host both bring the lady to the table, and the hostess is seated on the left side of the master's seat, and the lady is seated on the left side of the lady. The other ones are the same.

  3, when the guest held high-profile Chinese dinner in a restaurant, restaurant staff to assist n the promoter minor size arranged in a row seating, or will the guest's name to draw on the floor plan according to the minor high and low, are posted to the restaurant at the entrance, in order to guide the guests to come to the table seating.

  Use of tableware

  1. The tableware used in western banquet is mainly knives, forks, spoons, plates and cups. Usually with a fork in the left hand and a knife in the right. Take a fork and hold the fork with your left thumb, index finger and middle finger. The position of the knife is to use the right index finger to press on the back of the knife to force, the rest of the fingers to hold the knife.

  2. When using the knife, fork and spoon, start from the outside and take a dish from the outside. Western food is usually about eating different dishes with different knives and forks, drinking different wines with different glasses, and finishing a dish with a knife and fork on the right side of the plate. Don't talk with your knife and fork. If you don't use western dishes for the time being, just follow your master or someone else.

  Methods a meal

  1. There are two ways to eat meat. First, cut the meat (such as steak) first, then place the knife on the right side of the plate. The former is an old European custom, while the latter is the American way of eating, which is usually more formal.

  2. Eat soup with a spoon. The correct position of the spoon is: hold the spoon with your thumb, and gently hold the other finger on the other side. When the soup is spooned, the dish should be spooned out from the plate, and when there is not much soup in the pan, do not take the soup plate to suckle, and use the left hand to gently tilt the soup plate, and use the spoon to scoop out the soup.

  3. When eating fish, cut from the middle of the fish, and put the meat on both sides to remove the fish bones and eat slowly. Meat pie, Fried eggs, salad, all without a knife. The meat juices in the meat dish can be dipped in bread. Bread is broken into small pieces by the fingers. Potato chips, Fried meat slices, regular sandwiches and other foods, like bread, eat with your hands. When feeding, only use the thumb and index finger to pick up, after the food is placed in front of the small hand towel to wipe the hand. Eat dessert with a fork or spoon.

  4, eat pear, apple do not want whole to bite, and apply the fruit knife to cut fruit into 4 to 6 pieces, gouge out fruit heart, with the hand to hold a piece to eat. Eat a banana and then peel it and place it on a plate. Cut it with a knife and fork and eat it together. Eat an orange and peel it off with your hands. When eating fruit, it is sometimes served with a small water pan, which is used for washing hands. Do not drink it as a drink. During the meal, we can ask others to pass the seasoning and other things we can't reach, and we can pass them on to them. When eating, bone, meat, skin, etc., can be placed in the right corner of the plate. The core of the fruit is thrown into a napkin, not on the table or on the floor.

  5. After the chicken, lobster, or western style of all dishes, it is coffee and tea. The way to drink coffee and tea is to mix the sugar with a small teaspoon, stir it and then place the teaspoon back in place. (the spoon should not be placed in the cup). Please remember to drink coffee, tea, or soup to pick up your mouth. Don't bend over and use your mouth to move the cup. After the coffee and tea party, it's over, and the guests can begin to leave.

  If you have something to leave temporarily, put your napkin in your chair and place your knife and fork in eight words and place them on the plate. After dinner, place the knife and fork together and place the knife on the right side.

  The drinking posture of western food.

  The wine service is usually served by a waiter who pours a small amount into a glass of wine, and asks the guest to identify the quality of the wine. Then, the waiter will come to pour the wine, and at this time, do not go to fetch the glass, but should be placed on the table to be poured. The correct holding position is to hold a cup foot with your fingers. To avoid the temperature of the hand, the wine temperature increases. Use the thumb, middle finger and index finger to hold the cup foot, and the little finger is placed on the bottom of the cup. When you drink, you must not drink, but tilt the glass, as if it were on your tongue. Gently shake the glass so that the wine is in contact with the air to increase the aroma of the wine, but do not shake the cup violently. In addition, it is rude to drink, drink, drink, drink, drink, drink, drink, drink, drink, drink and drink while drinking. Don't use your fingers to rub the lipstick on the rim of the cup.

  Western food posture

  For the average person, the basic courtesy and etiquette in life will be noticed, and people will stop themselves from showing bad manners out of politeness in the public face. Then, in fact, the static beauty in public places -- the posture etiquette is the most test person, also the most can reflect the temperament and the beautiful.

  Proper standard of etiquette of the formal sitting position request dignified and graceful, give a person with elegant, sedate, natural and generous aesthetic feeling. Sit, as a kind of behavior, with beauty and ugliness, elegance and vulgarity. The correct way to sit is to sit like a clock, which means to sit upright like a clock, and of course the end points directly to the upper body.

  After sitting, sit upright, but not stiff. Don't put your chin or elbows on the table. Don't fiddle with tabletops and napkins. Avoid inappropriate behavior, such as taking off your coat, removing your tie, and rolling up your sleeves. When talking, contrast, often leave the seat, or move the seat; Rest your head on the back of your chair, yawn, stretch, rub your eyes, and scratch your head.

  The etiquette of western food.

  1, to attend a formal western dinner, must pay attention to clothing, grooming conform to the requirements of the etiquette, dining posture elegant and generous, stable posture elegant, straightened up, don't cross your legs, hands on his knees, don't put the arm on the table. Don't take off your coat, tie or sleeve.

  5. When you eat western food, you cannot refuse the toast of the other party. Even if you do not drink wine, you should take the glass back to the other party, otherwise it is an impolite behavior. The drinking of western food is taboo. Drinking wine is the color, aroma, taste and long taste of wine. In the western food banquet is often a toast, even if it is only a point.

  3. Western food should pay special attention to the use of the water pan, which can make a joke. All on one hand to take food, such as chicken, lobster, fruit, etc., usually on a water jar, at the same time (copper bowl, crystal glass, bowls), water wave with rose petals or lemon, but it is not drink, but western food pay attention to the finger bowl, placed in the upper left, put his hand into the water, wash gently, then clean with the napkin.

  4, and party in progress, due to the inadvertent, abnormal situation occurs, such as too hard and make the knives and forks impact plate, sound, or tableware fell on the ground, or spilled drinks and so on, should be calm don't have to worry. The tableware makes a sound, can gently say "sorry" to the neighbor (or to the host). The cutlery can be dropped by the usher. The drinks spilled on the next seat should be apologized and helped to dry. If the other party is a woman, just hand over a clean napkin or handkerchief and dry it by herself.

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