City traffic is a big problem in some cities in the world, especially in big cities. To solve the problem, someone are in favor of developing buses as means of city traffic. Others are in favor of the subway. Between them,which is the better choice?
It is easier to take buses as means of city traffic than the subway trains because buses don't need special roads. But buses have also many disadvantages, some of which are very serious. They may cause louder noise and more traffic accidents. Buses give rise to serious air pollution and traffic jam. In order to stop what buses cause, a large amount of hand must be used to widen the roads. On the contrary, the subway train is of more advantages. Except the difficulty and high cost of building the subway, it is superior to the buses in many aspects.
Taking the advantages and disadvantages together into consideration，I would be in favor of developing the subway train as soon as possible.
Direction: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Cars and Air Pollution. You should write no less than 120 words and base your composition on the outline below:
Car and Air Pollution
Too many cars have created a lot of serious problems in our world. Besides congestion, accidents and fast fuel consumption, cars are responsible for a good part of air pollution in big cities. All the time, they are pumping huge amounts of waste gases into the atmosphere. These gases are very harmful, causing disease and even death.
One possible solution is to design and develop clean cars and clean fuels. some of the public buses begin to run on natural gas, which does not give off as much carbon dioxide as the petrol. But it may take decades for the new models of clean cars completely replace the traditional ones. Another solution is to develop modern public transportation systems and restrict the use of private cars. If the price of petrol rises constantly and the public vehicles are efficient and convenient enough, most people will not buy private cars. And the total number of cars in big cities will reduce greatly.
On the whole, the elimination of air pollution needs the collective efforts from the government, the public and the environmentalists
It was snowing heavily on Monday morning. Li Hua was at the bus stop, waiting for Bus No.601 to go to school. After a while, a bus came and she got on it.
There were many passengers in the bus.Some were talking and some were looking out of the windows. Suddenly the bus stopped. The driver turned around and said, "Sorry. The bus has broken down. Please get off and help push the bus."When they heard this, Li Hua and the other passengers got off the bus.They worked hard together, pushing the bus slowly forward. Soon the bus was running again.
All the passengers were smiling and the sun was shining.
our lives. Americans, for example, have to cut down on the number of their total cars.They are encouraged to use bicycles, which are thought to help keep the air clean.
But this change does not come easily. A large number of workers may find themselves without jobs if a car factory cioses down. Thus the problem of air pollution would become less important than that of unemployment. Although cars have led us to a better life, they have also brought us new problems.
Since their coming into being, automobiles have been significantly contributing to human industries, agricultures, and even the daily lives.
It is automobiles that have been shaping and reflecting the ways humans work and think. They accelerate the sustainable economic development. They boost industries. They also catalyze scientific research.
But nobody can deny that automobiles have also exerted some unfavorable impacts on social and economic fabric. First of all, they have seriously polluted the environment in which humans survive. Secondly, traffic jam wastes lots of time. Finally, they also waste the money, especially in metropolis.
My opinion is that in the foreseeable future, scientists will be able to solve all problems. Exactly, human will eventually be able to minimize the harmful effects of automobiles, whereas their advantages can be maximized.
In general, there are two way of traveling, private cars and public transportation. Chinese people should regard public transportation as their first traveling opinion.
First, there are so many people living in this countries that make it so crowded. If each chinese people own a car, there will be far more traffic jams and accidents, which increase you impatience.
Moreover, there will be far more pollution resulted from cars. Once a car started, it release huge amount of dirty gas and heat, which lead to great pollution and result in green house effect.
From the graph， we can see that there were two peaks in accidents in 20xx。 One was in March with the number of accidents 35。 The other was in August with the number of accidents 42， which was the highest point on the distribution line。 From August， the number of car accidents decreased till it reached the lowest point of the year in December。 The two peaks occurred in spring and summer， the two seasons which had most of the year’s rain。 Driving tends to be more dangerous on rainy days。 Maybe the weather is the most important reason for car accidents。 Be careful， when you drive a car on rainy days.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Private Cars’ Effect on Our Life. You should write at least 150 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
Private Cars’ Effect on Our Life Along with the economic growth, private cars have penetrated into a wealth of citizens’ lives because of its convenience features. Undoubtedly, the widespread use of cars promotes the social productivity and enhances the economic development. But we are supposed to weigh strengths and weaknesses of the popularity of cars. With the growing prevalence of vehicles, a host of problems have emerged.
To begin with, car emissions are having an immeasurable effect on the world’s climate. Solid scientific evidence can confirm this harm. Secondly, because the car depends so heavily on fossil fuels, it is a major source of carbon dioxide that causes global warming. Additionally, soaring ownership of cars puts tremendous pressure on the limited capacity of current transport system. There is a heavy urban traffic flow with frequent traffic jam. These harmful side effects of autos burden our society with unacceptable costs to human health, the environment, and our economy.
So we must reverse this rising trend and promote the mass transportation. Our heavy reliance on private cars must be reduced.
Along with the economic growth, private cars have penetrated into a wealth of citizens lives because of its convenience features. Undoubtedly, the widespread use of cars promotes the social productivity and enhances the economic development. But we are supposed to weigh strengths and weaknesses of the popularity of cars. With the growing prevalence of vehicles, a host of problems have emerged.
To begin with, car emissions are having an immeasurable effect on the worlds climate. Solid scientific evidence can confirm this harm. Secondly, because the car depends so heavily on fossil fuels, it is a major source of carbon dioxide that causes global warming. Additionally, soaring ownership of cars puts tremendous pressure on the limited capacity of current transport system. There is a heavy urban traffic flow with frequent traffic jam. These harmful side effects of autos burden our society with unacceptable costs to human health, the environment, and our economy.
Study the picture above carefully and write an essay entitled “Cars: Should we Love them or Hate them?” In the essay, you should (1)desCRIbe the picture (2)interpret its meaning (3)give your opinion about the phenomenon. You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET2. (20 points)
Cars: Should we Love them or Hate them?
In the picture, there are some statistics showing the cars number in China from 1980 to 20xx. From the statistics, we can see that the number of cars has increased drastically since the turn of the millennium.
The statistics indicate that there is a higher and higher demand for cars nowadays. Ten years ago, the car was a real luxury for most of the people in China. Owning a car seemed to be a dream too far away to realize. However, this luxury is now becoming somewhat of a necessity to many people. From this phenomenon, a conclusion can be reached that the living standards of the people have improved by a big margin. Cars make our life more convenient. However, good dreams may sometimes turn to be nightmares. Many problems accompany the increasing numbers of cars. There are more and more accidents which can bring disaster to many families. The city traffic is in chaos and traffic jams have become a part of our daily life. Air pollution and noise pollution caused by cars do harm to our health. People who loved cars so much before have begun to hate these annoying machines.
In fact, all things have dual characters. What we should do is to reduce the influence of the negative one to the minimum. It is true that cars have brought a lot of problems to our life. However, many measures can be taken to tackle them. More roads and overpasses can be built. Some improvements can be made to reduce the volume of the exhaust air. I believe that everybody will love cars one day in the future.