2018-06-13 动物类英语作文



  There is a butcher Tianwan home, where the burden of the meat has been sold out, leaving only some of the bones. Two wolves encounter on the road, followed closely by Zoulehenyuan.

  Afraid of the butcher, pick up a piece of bone thrown in the past. A wolf bones have been stopped, along with still another wolf. Butcher and pick up a piece of bone thrown in the past, the bones after the wolf came to a halt, but the bones have been the first wolf Yougen up. Bones have been thrown over, the two together, like the original as a wolf to catch up.

  Butcher is distress, I am afraid together before and after the attack by a wolf. There are wild to see Michael playing a game, the masters of the field to stack firewood in the wheat field to fight, into a hill-like coverage. So Ben butcher in the past to rely on firewood pile below, pick up the butcher's knife to lay down their burden. Two wolves are afraid to move on and stare toward the butcher.

  After a while, a wolf straight away and the other as a wolf-like dog in front of the squat. A long time, it seems to be a wolf's eyes closed, looking very relaxed. Butcher all of a sudden jump, with a wolf's head Daopi, Liankanjidao to kill wolves. Butcher about to start now, to firewood behind a pile, saw another wolf is firewood heap holes, drilled in the past want to butcher in the back of the attack. The wolf has got half of the body, only the buttocks and tail exposed. From the butcher cut off the back of the hind legs of the wolf, the wolf kill. Understand this in front of the wolf pretending to sleep, was used to lure the enemy.

  Wolf is too cunning, but for a while two wolves have been hacked to death, the animal deception to how much? Only give them increased humor.


  The filmmakers behind the English-language version of March of the Penguins—which is distributed by Warner Independent Pictures and National Geographic Feature Films—toned down the anthropomorphism of the original, French release(发行)。

  March of the penguins 的英语版通过Warner Independent Picture 和 National Geographic Feature Films 联合发行,其制作人在影片中淡化了法语原版的拟人风格。

  In the original documentary the penguins "spoke" their own dialogue, like Bambi or Babe the pig. The version released in the United States uses a narrator, actor Morgan Freeman, to tell the story.

  原版电影中企鹅有自己的对话,就像Bambi 或Babe the pig 一样。美国发行的版本,采用了Morgan Freeman 朗读的旁白。

  Still, the film describes the emperor penguins as "not that different from us" in their pouting(噘嘴), bellowing(吼叫), and strutting(昂首阔步地走)。


  The bond(联结) between the star penguin parents is called a "love story." And the penguins seem to have emotions— grieving over the loss of an egg or a chick, rejoicing at the return of a mate, loving their families.


  "In a few places it's a little over the top," said Alison Power, director of communications for New York City's Bronx Zoo and the affiliated Wildlife Conservation Society. "But I thought the filmmakers did an excellent job in not anthropomorphizing the animals."

  New York City’s Bronx 动物园及附属的野生动物保护协会的交流主管,Alison Power表示“很少的几个地方有些许的过火,当制片人弱化了拟人风格是明智之举。”

  Marine biologist Gerald Kooyman studies penguins at Antarctica's "Penguin Ranch," and he begs to differ. He said the portrayal of the penguins' mating rituals as a love story is a "major" case of anthropomorphism.

  海洋生物学家Gerald Kooyman身处极地企鹅农场研究企鹅,他极力表示对电影的意义。他说电影中的婚配仪式纯粹是艺术化的拟人。

  So do the birds experience emotions at all? "Zoologists would say, Probably not," said

  Kooyman, who works for the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. "A lot of what looks to us like love or grief is probably hormonally driven more than some kind of attachment" to the egg, chick, or partner, he said.

  那么其他鸟类是否拥有情感呢?“动物学家会说,也许没有,” Scripps海洋学研究所的Kooyman回答说“很多像爱和悲伤等类似人类的行为可能是激素导致而不可能是其他任何原因”,无论是针对卵,幼仔,还是配偶。

  For instance, there are several scenes in the film when a parent seems to grieve over a broken egg doomed(注定,命定) never to hatch(孵化), or appears to mourn over the body of its frozen chick.


  Instinct, hormones, and the drive to reproduce influence a lot of the penguin behavior, Kooyman said.


  "What gives the impression sometimes of sorrow is that they fool around with the [broken or frozen] egg, or other birds try to take an egg away," Kooyman said. "There's just a drive to incubate, to participate in breeding behavior at that time of year for these birds."


  The film also shows multiple shots of two adult penguins cuddling side by side, their beaks touching and forming almost a heart shape. It looks like love, but is it?


  Despite the beautiful imagery, it's not certain that each posturing pair is actually a mated pair.


  "If it's in August or September, the two are probably mates," Kooyman said. "In April it could easily be two birds that get together and then decide that they wouldn't make good partners.


  "You also see such posturing at the ice's edge. There's a lot of social behavior between adults," he added.


  临时家庭(Temporary Families)

  Unlike nesting birds, penguin parents actually spend very little time together.


  The penguins make the grueling journey across some 70 miles (110 kilometers) of Antarctic ice each April to return to the breeding grounds where they were born. After the courtship period, the couple forms a strong bond until the egg is laid in May or early June.


  However, as soon as the egg is transferred to the father, the mother takes off to return to her feeding grounds. She returns some two months later. The starving male, who hasn't had a meal in months, immediately leaves.


  The two trade off rearing their fish and returning to the sea to feed for about five months, until the chick is old enough to be left on its own. After that point the parents will probably never see each other—or their offspring— again.


  "In a way, the film anthropomorphized the lives of the penguins, but I think it's OK," Kooyman said. "Simplifying some aspects of the penguins' life story makes it more accessible to the general public."


  Ever since Walt Disney immortalized(使…成为不朽) interspecies friendships and talking teapots, anthropomorphism (attributing human traits and emotions to animals or objects) has been a movie staple(主要产品)。

  自从Walt Disney将种间友谊以及人化的物品(talking teapot)带入人们的思想,拟人论(赋予动物及物品以人的特征和情感)遂成为后世电影的一个主要题材。

  Now some scientists are criticizing the movie March of the Penguins for portraying the Antarctic seabirds almost as tiny, two-tone humans.

  目前很多科学家批评电影March of the penguine (应该是:帝企鹅日记) 几乎把南极的海鸟刻画成矮小的双色人。

  The poster for the surprise hit film reads, "In the harshest place on Earth love finds a way." And the movie describes the annual journey of emperor penguins to their breeding grounds as a "quest to find the perfect mate and start a family" against impossible odds.


  The penguins are the only animals that make a home above the ice in the subzero temperatures and blistering winds of the Antarctic winter. They overcome incredible odds just to survive, never mind breed and nurture new life.

  But is it love?




  The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) ("black-and-white cat-foot") is a mammal classified in the bear family, Ursidae, native to central-western and southwestern China. It is easily recognized by its large, distinctive black patches around the eyes, ears and on its rotund body. Though technically a carnivore, the panda has a diet which is 98% bamboo. However, they may eat other foods such as honey, eggs, fish, and yams.

  The Giant Panda is an endangered animal; an estimated 3,000 pandas live in the wild and over 180 were reported to live in captivity by August 2006 in mainland China (another source by the end of 2006 put the figure for China at 221), with twenty pandas living outside of China.[citation needed] However, reports show that the numbers of wild panda are on the rise.

  The giant panda has long been a favorite of the public, at least partly on account of the fact that the species has an appealing baby-like cuteness that makes it seem to resemble a living teddy bear. The fact that it is usually depicted reclining peacefully eating bamboo, as opposed to hunting, also adds to its image of innocence. Though the giant panda is often assumed docile because of their cuteness, they have been known to attack humans, usually assumed to be out of irritation rather than predatory behavior.

  The Giant Panda has a very distinctive black-and-white coat. Adults measure around 1.5 m long and around 75 cm tall at the shoulder. Males can weigh up to 115 kg (253 pounds)。 Females are generally smaller than males, and can occasionally weigh up to 100 kg (220 pounds)。 Giant Pandas live in mountainous regions, such as Sichuan, Gansu, Shaanxi, and Tibet. While the Chinese dragon has been historically a national emblem for China, since the latter half of the 20th century the Giant Panda has also become an informal national emblem for China. Its image appears on a large number of modern Chinese commemorative silver, gold, and platinum coins.

  The Giant Panda has an unusual paw, with a "thumb" and five fingers; the "thumb" is actually a modified sesamoid bone, which helps the panda to hold the bamboo while eating. Stephen Jay Gould wrote an essay about this, then used the title The Panda's Thumb for a book of essays concerned with evolution and intelligent design. The Giant Panda has a short tail, approximately 15 cm long. Giant Pandas can usually live to be 20-30 years old while living in captivity.

  Until recently, scientists thought giant pandas spent most of their lives alone, with males and females meeting only during the breeding season. Recent studies paint a different picture, in which small groups of pandas share a large territory and sometimes meet outside the breeding season.[citation needed]

  Like most subtropical mammals, but unlike most bears, the giant panda does not hibernate.

  Pandas eating bamboo at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C.Despite its taxonomic classification as a carnivore, the panda has a diet that is primarily herbivorous, which consists almost exclusively of bamboo. This is an evolutionarily recent adaptation. Pandas lack the proper enzymes to digest bamboo efficiently, and thus derive little energy and little protein from it.

  While primarily herbivorous, the panda still retains decidedly ursine teeth, and will eat meat, fish, and eggs when available. In captivity, zoos typically maintain the pandas' bamboo diet, though some will provide specially formulated biscuits or other dietary supplements.


  Elephant is the largest animal on land today. It weights some ninety kilograms and is about one metre high when born. When it is 12 years old, it studs over three meters and does not grow any more. Elephant is usually grey in color, having a long trunk with large ivory tusks protruding from each side of its mouth. Usually moving in groups and caring for each other, Elephant is know to be a very and gentle creamre. For many years people have used the strength of these poweful animals to move trees and heavy logs. Elephant has been and is a vital tool for people to do many things that would normally be imposs-ible. Elephant is and will continue to be one of the greatest creatures man has ever come into contact with. Its size. beauty, and power willforever be useful to man.










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