Li Jianxin, a professor of social demography at Peking University, says that the younger generation, especially those living in cities, are unlikely to have more children without first considering the economic challenges that decision might bring.
The lifestyle and viewpoints of the post-80s generation are totally different from the 50s and 60s generations, Li said. "Many Chinese want to give birth to fewer but healthier children."
Yuan Tian, a 25-year-old photographer in Shanghai, has a 1-year-old daughter. And one, she says, is enough – due both to the cost of raising a child and to the challenges a child poses to developing a career.
Giving birth really affected my career, she said. "When I returned to work, it took me several months to catch up with my colleagues again. And I can't focus on my work, since I need to leave the office early to take care of my daughter."
Emerging from the cartoon is an eye-catching scene that the parents are willing to have a second child, while their only child do not agree because of his worry that he doesn't want to have another child, even his own sibling, share toys with him. Simple as it is, the symbolic meaning revealed is profound and thought-provoking.
We are supposed to place our attention on, instead of its funny appearance, the implied meaning of the cartoon: as the overall second-child policy expands throughout China, some only children are so selfish that they cannot accept the second child in their family. What can account for this undesirable situation? For one thing, they, as the only child at home all the time, have no awareness of sharing what they like with others due to the fact that all the family members give their love to the only child. As a result, when faced with the problem of whether they are willing to have a sibling, their first response is to refuse it. For another reason, some couples are eager to have a second child as soon as possible, which makes them neglect to communicate with their only child to let them realize the advantage of having a sibling companion in their childhood.
From what has been discussed above, it's safe for me to conclude that it is urgent to take some immediate and effective measures. What I recommend is that parents should let child know the importance of sharing with others, which is beneficial for them in future life. In addition, it's better for parents to have more communication with their only child once they want to have a second child.