高中英语省略句课件

2017-08-24焕敏 课件

  导语:为了避免重复,常常省略句子中的一个或几个成分,这样的句子叫省略句。那么,我们到底该怎么用省略句呢?

  知识点总结

  概念:为了避免重复,常常省略句子中的一个或几个成分,这样的句子叫省略句。

  1. 简单句中的省略:

  (1)Looks like rain.

  (2)Hope to hear from you soon.

  (3)Sounds like a good idea.

  (4)Beg your pardon.

  (5)Feeling better today ?

  (6)This way, please.

  (7)—What does he want to eat ?

  —Some rice and vegetables.

  (8)Anything I can do for you ?

  (9)Sorry to hear that.

  (10)Doesn’t matter.

  (11)Terrible weather!

  (12)Pity you couldn’t come.

  2. 并列句中的省略:

  在并列句中,相同的成分如主语,谓语,宾语等都可以省略:

  (1)They learn French and we English.

  (2)My father planned and built all these houses.

  (3)John won the first race and Jimmy the second.

  (4)Coral is not a plant but a variety of animal life.

  3. 复合句中的省略

  定语从句:

  (1)That’s the reason(that) he is late for the conference.

  (2)I don’t like the way (that/in which)he talks.

  状语从句:

  (1)If heated, water will boil.

  (2)Tom was attacked by cramp while swimming across the river.

  (3)We’ll go to help you if necessary.

  (4)Had I time, I would come.

  (5)I’ll go, should it be necessary.

  (6)The captain can find a boat quicker than we can.

  宾语从句:

如果宾语从句中的谓语部分与主句的谓语部分或上文的谓语部分相同,可将从句部分的谓语省略。

  (1)We will do what we can(do)to help you.

  (2)—Is Mr. King in his office?

  —Sorry, I don’t know(whether he is in his office or not).

  4. 动词不定式的省略:在动词不定式结构中,为了避免重复,常常省略不定式结构中的动词原形,只保留to。

  (1)—Would you like to go with us ?

  —I’m glad to, but I have to finish my homework.

  (2)Don’t tell me the name of the sailor if you don’t want to.

  (3)—Have you ever been to the seaside?

  —No, we can’t afford to.

  在used to, ought to, have to, would like/love to, wish to, be going to等结构中,常常省略to后面的动词原形。

  (1)They do not visit their parents as much as they ought to.

  (2)He doesn’t get up early as he used to.

  (3)I’ll hand it in if I have to.

  (4)—Would you like to come tonight ?

  —I’d love to.

  Tell , warn , order , advise , ask等动词的宾语后面接动词不定式做宾语补足语时,可以省略to后面的动词原形。

  (1)He wanted to swim across the river but I warned him not to.

  (2)The boy wanted to play football in the street, but his mother told him not to.

  常见考法

  1. 从句中It is 的省略;2.从句主语和主句主语一致时的省略;3.表语的承前省略;4.动词的省略

  误区提醒

  不能正确还原不省略时的句子而犯错;对时态、句式等不熟练而犯错。

  【典型例题】

  1. _____, I will help you with your work.

  A. If I am possible B. If it possible C. If possible D. Possible

  解析: 错选A。答案C,省略it is.

  2. —How are you getting on with your work ?

  —Oh, I’m sorry. Things aren’t going so well as _____.

  A. plans B. planning C. planned D. to plan

  解析:错选B。答案C,省略they are.

  3. —Are you a teacher?

  —No, but I _____. I worked in a middle school for three years.

  A. am B. will C. do D. was

  解析:错选B。答案D,后面省略a teacher.

  4.—How many poor counties will there be in our province by 2010?

  —There will be only a few, if _____.

  A. much B. some C. any D. many

  解析:答案C,省略there is.

  5.—Why didn’t you come to Mike’s birthday party yesterday ?

  —Well, I_____, but I forgot it.

  A. should B. must C. should have D. must have

  解析:错选A。答案C,后面省略come to his birthday party.

  


  

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