Dear visitors, today we will visit the emperor worship was formerly place - the temple of heaven.
Ming yongle emperor after moved in Beijing enterprise of Beijing, the big site modeled nanjing is established for this role in praying to alter, covers an area of reached 273 million square meters. Lord architecture is big, is also the site of QiNianDian position today. The temple of heaven has outer wall and the altar, the north is round compound has wall, the south is square, take meaning nature round place. In the beginning, heaven and offering ground is the temple of heaven, until the jiajing years in beicheng built ditan, just separate, and new MengDong HuanQiu altar, for the original big praying to the site, and great temple, instead, when MengChun specially for the mega garden just house roof was three double-hipped roof, from top to bottom blue and yellow green colors representing the earthen universe. And in qianlong multiplied, instead of the house, and now QiNianDian with roof tiles blue glazed tile. Thus formed today what we see of the world's largest ceremonial buildings.
But such a praying to the holy land, but also once was in the anglo-french allied in 1860, then the looted in 1900 was again the ravages of g8 coalition. In 1916 the reign of yuan shikai once also in the temple of heaven has played a ceremonial farce. In 1918, the temple of heaven park end up with open. After the liberation tiantan not only become the famous tourist attractions, and still part of the Beijing urban green space, come here not only is the tourists, also have some specifically for the old people vti).
Now let's put the altar along the route that the emperor start the tour.
Now we are temple buildings along the axis to the south road, are going to see is HuanQiu altar of ancient emperor worship. There are two ways HuanQiu surrounded wall, make foreign inside the circle, accord with that nature round place. Every wall all have four groups lingxingmeng, from east ordinal it is tai yuan, zhao heng, GuangLi, ChengZhen, each group sanmen, a total of 24 seats, called "cloud gate jade". You can notice, lingxingmeng size are different, this is because in door is god dedicated, so tall; Only from the door of the emperor into; But other officials can only from the right side of the door through the smallest. And the same platform is emperor ceremonies in worship before replacement offering clothing and wash one's hands and face with local, called served Taiwan. Came to HuanQiu altar, we'll start next put altar, but I please pay attention to each layer of how many steps square. To top it all, we also found, the altar all steps number, guard board number are nine or multiples of nine. Every board a layer, have 9 steps, mesa tablets of stone, called pure among the first lap the periphery of nine laps huge brick slab, the second lap fan 18 blocks, and so on, to most outside the 9th lap is just 81 block; And everybody looked can see enclosure panels were all steps is divided into four parts, each part also has nine pieces, while middle-level enclosure panel is 18 blocks, lower is 27 pieces, these aren't all be coincidence? Of course not, because according to the Yin yang-five elements, it is extremely Yang number nine, so ancient craftsman will use this digital to give HuanQiu sets the noble thoughts.
Had said of the shrines in my wonderful, and introduce you worship the pomp of the ceremonies. Each year the winter solstice, the emperor came in here to ceremonial. In two days ago, the emperor ceremonies in imperial palace for fast, and the third day, also of winter is just the day before, is going to the temple of heaven on ZhaiGong fast. The winter solstice, seven moment before sunrise, now more than four o 'clock in the morning, to make the report ZhaiGong hour, emperor drive, the bell tower of the northeast corner start tolling. To wash one's hands and face with clothing machine, god CARDS are sent to change clothes, and the homologous position mesa is seven group, called the magical seven bully; HuanQiu burnt stoves in before put a calf, with the burnt to burn, southwest of pine looked at high, lighting lamp light pole panlong all-night treasure wax, tainan square lined up, coordinating the instrument teams and shao music, accompanied by in baiguan, wenwu is formally started praying to the ceremony by south Ling star, emperor left the door when the bell stopped put the altar, to the second south after worship men standing at company who submitted process praise instrument. The revenue ZhuWen read to the god. Etiquette, will soon after the tributes to before respectively from is burnt wood furnace (a bully times removed offerings burn, the emperor will again stand aside, called hope benchi visual their) and liao furnace (HuanQiu altar, there are 12 seats in camp Yi their furnace from east to west and north are lined with 8; Ling star surrounded counterfort things within each have a pair from outside the coordination bully times. The car under tribute to eight wreathed respectively, while four furnace burning sacrifices from a bully times to lingxingmeng place), the smoke and fire to vacate symbol of heaven. Then even will oxtail, venues, cattle blood to Yi candy buried, the symbol of the RuMaoYinXie meaning not forgotten ancestors. In this ceremony, need special mention is the emperor ZhuWen standing by revenue read place, is said mesa center stone. The pure He is one of the three acoustic phenomena temple. Read here voice special loud, and now here is the same, dear visitors might as well enjoy this strange effect, also as did the emperor, like telling their beautiful upward days desire.
Now let's continue to walk along the axis, the building called days before the library, and it is the main hall emperor vault and planet. Huang vault built during Ming, Mr. Nine temples, beginning to seventeen years called tiger was renamed the emperor, now, it's Mr. Arch effect is deposited on weekdays HuanQiu altar god places so sacrifice HuanQiu altar here also called palace. The circular stone temple positive on the lay of god is the god CARDS, but front on both sides of the four square stone was laid is something other gods, eight ancestors used to store enshrined in the holy warrior. But Mr. Emperor vault representing the three word of the universe, days, the supreme mean, more show its divine and sovereign.
It is an architectural art value very high buildings, overall assumes the circular, underneath is high Xumi-seat 2.85 meters round for green, white, have built out of the three direction of southeast west Bi, namely the steps, and in south ErLongXiZhu Dan Bi and a Bi stone. TongWa single eaves above is blue top gold treasure. Zan point And in the temple and eight root eaves column and eight root JinZhu, hall, all without beam supporting 3.5-ounce by various Romanesque capitals which should support the fold layers, steps, thus creating the fine shrinking the vault of a dome. There are still applied physics of lever principle. This group of buildings, and there are not only very elegant stone, and three notes echo wall of this and we have just said three acoustic temple stone are pure phenomenon. Echo wall is the walls, Mr. Emperor vault built on the ground brick walls, very smooth seams, is very good sound carrier, can sound transmission of sound transmission way, in the small, as long as the loss of the wall, even forty or fifty metres apart speak, could not see noodles, can clear heard to talk to each other. And three notes Mr. Stone is the emperor vault front hall, you stand on three pieces of stone on the first stone clap your hands can hear a fruitless, second stone can hear twice, and the third piece can hear echo, so called three times three sound stone. In later also somebody call it three just stone, take three conditions to mean.
Perhaps you just have noticed, the temple of heaven has very many cedars and good, it's like Beijing a natural oxygen bar. And in that, there is a lot of cooper, the plant 500 years old, is GuiBai outside the western wall echo wall nine LongBai the tree. It is strange, trunk texture ravines, and full of rotating distortions, like nine coil dragon playing, so call it around nine LongBai really a little too much.
To this, the main architecture of the altar mega garden just QiNianDian just appeared before us. QiNianDian base is under three layers of the circular stone stage three layers, and in front of the stone steps, decorated with great relief respectively, called before the house Dan Bi stone carvings. From the above content under is respectively: red sea, and ShuangFengShan yandang mountain, cloud dragon mountain. Each layer of osculum pattern and the content is also the corresponding relief. Things on both sides of the nine rooms, a warrior from original mantle after it, but where sacrificial jing years, put them at home XianNongTan moved to, so now here also there can be no actual use. And QiNianDian itself is a very unique architecture with Chinese features. Round three gates pointed up layer upon layer contraction zan, roof covered with blue glazed tile is, in order to symbolize days. The top is fine gold treasure top, looked up and look up, is longfeng sunk panel, the center is LongFengCheng auspicious patterns. And huge three layer on top of the house is where the root of 28, the middle ground pillars support the four pillars, southeast named longjing column representing the northwest of chun xiaqiu winter; And the 12 column longjing tea QiJinZhu periphery is broken out red 12 bay, represents a year respectively; 12 months Outside the two rings 24 bay have respectively represent a year of 24 solar terms; Meanwhile, the 28 root big column, also represents heaven 28 constellation. It is said that in ancient QiNianDian is modeled on MingTang designed and built. In the meanwhile, exclamation inside buildings also let us focus gradually transferred to the display up temple. The display is according to the qing dynasty here from the original recovery xian, positive carves dragon throne of which are full of god of the match well of the han dynasty about the stone tablets, on both sides of the eight honors before qing dynasty emperor mantle.
And every year as the worship, here is the place for mega garden just. The day in sacrifice in the temple, there is a band instrument, and the platform outside in offering clothing to enter temple, emperor devout shrine, pray god do, then presents the offerings to the east of outside the unlikelihood burnt wood in the furnace and furnace burn, send their heavenly palace. The mega garden just etiquette and praying to the same.
Here, QiNianDian also almost finished, but it also has a subsidiary buildings, function and huang chun, also be stored as vault where sacrificial altar mega garden just QiNianDian gods, is at the north of the emperor dry temple.
Now we from the altar eastward mega garden just come out, can see a long corridor coping of the ridge even between were 72, commonly known as seventy erlian room, it not only to connect to god, but also kitchen god kurnous sacrifice sacrifices in the channel, transport corridor, as it was customary to sacrifice the pavilion, is mentioned had guimen cattle slaughtered oceans here. And in the southeast direction, long corridor there were eight huge stone, stone, are called seven feng shui town stone. But here the naming there were eight stone why call seven-star? Originally the Ming dynasty put here are seven stones, and indeed is the smallest that piece is in qing dynasty add. Stone said about seven every dynasty are different. In the Ming dynasty, a Taoist and the emperor said QiNianDian orientation is bad, go against countries, so is here put the symbol of big dipper seven stones. And in qing dynasty, emperor kangxi to AiXinJiaoLuo's manchu from northeast if the main for the theoretical basis of the central plains, mountains, would send someone investigation found changbai mountain tai mountain is in the original so -odd arteries, northeast of the seven stones have put a small block of bluestone, the symbol of the northeast changbai mountain, if by this statement, that were eight stone should be called seven peak dongyue.
No matter what they made up for. Today the sightseeing tourism will be over in the temple of heaven this time hope can become your Beijing trip to the permanent memory. Also please bring your temple of blessings to you family and friends.